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Nitroethane

Nitroethane

CAS No.: 79-24-3 Molecular formula: C2H5NO2 Molecular weight: 75.07 EINECS number: 201-188-9...

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Melting point

-90 °C

Boiling point

114-115 °C(lit.)

Density

1.045 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Vapor density

2.58 (vs air)

Vapor Pressure

15.6 mm Hg ( 20 °C)

Refractive index

n20/D 1.391(lit.)

Flash point

87 °F

Storage conditions

Flammables area

Solubility

acetone: soluble(lit.)

Acidity coefficient (pKa)

8.5(at 25℃)

PH value

6 (1g/l, H2O, 25℃)

Explosive limit

3.4%(V)

Water solubility

4.6 g/100 mL (20 ºC)


Overview

A colorless oily liquid with an unpleasant odor. The molecular weight is 75.07. Melting point -50 ° C. The boiling point is 114 to 114.8 °C. The relative density is 1.0528. The refractive index is 1.3917. A flash point of 30 ° C. It is miscible with methanol, ethanol, ether, chloroform and alkali solution. It is very slightly soluble in water. The solubility in water is 4.5mL/100mL (20°C), and the solubility of water in this product is 0.9mL/100mL. 20 ° C). Vapor and air form an explosive mixture with an explosion limit of 3.0% to 5.0% by volume. Toxic! Because nitroethane is chemically stable, it can be used as a solvent for nitrocellulose and cellulose ethyl esters, vinyl and alkyd resins, waxes, greases, fats and dyes, as well as rocket propellants and fuels. Additives as well as manufacturing pharmaceuticals and organic synthesis intermediates. It can be obtained by direct gas phase nitration of ethane or by the action of α-chloropropionic acid and sodium nitrite.


Chemical properties

Colorless transparent oily liquid. Hard to dissolve in water, can be miscible with ethanol, ether, chloroform and alkali solution.


Use

1. Used as industrial solvent and pharmaceutical intermediates, explosives, rocket fuel, etc.

2. Used as solvent, pharmaceutical intermediates, explosives, rocket fuel and analytical chemical reagents.

3. Used as a solvent and also for organic synthesis

4. Solvent. Organic Synthesis.



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